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Red Oak

Click Here For Red Oak Appearance Information

Color: Heartwood and sapwood are similar, with sapwood lighter in color; most pieces have a reddish tone. Slightly redder than white oak.

Grain: Open, slightly coarser (more porous) than white oak. Plain sawn boards have a plumed or flared grain appearance; rift sawn has a tighter grain pattern, low figuring; quarter sawn has a flake pattern, some times called tiger rays or butterflies.

Variations Within Species & Grades: More than 200 subspecies in North America; great variation in color and grain, depending on the origin of the wood and corresponding differences in growing seasons. Northern, Southern and Appalachian red oak can all be divided into upland and lowland species. Because they grow more slowly, upland species generally have a more uniform grain pattern than lowland species, with more growth rings per inch.

Click Here For Red Oak Properties Information

Hardness/Janka: Northern 1290 (Benchmark)

Durability: Stiff and dense; resists wear, with high shock resistance, though less durable than white oak.

Sawing/Machining: Above average in all machining operations except shaping.

Sanding: Sands satisfactorily, better than white oak.

Nailing: Good resistance to splitting; excellent holding ability.

Finishing: Strong stain contrast because of large pores.

More: View all Wood Types

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